- What causes drought of the land?
- What are the consequences of dry land?
- What can we do about this?
What causes drought of the land?
Due to the global population growth we ask more and more from the earth, actually we ask to much of the land. This is called overexploitation. It leads to depletion of the ground, reduction in fertile soil and drying out of the land. Especially in vulnerable areas, where water and fertile soil are scares, the consequences of this overexploitation are felt daily. An example is Sub-Saharan region in Africa. Climate changes in these areas increasingly cause extended periods of drought and extreme heat. When rain arrives, it is often very intense. Because a lot of water is coming down at one, the water has no time to infiltrate into the soil. Additionally, felling of trees for firewood, overgrazing of grassy areas and inappropriate land use practices are causing the decrease of vegetation. Land becomes bare and unprotected, increasing the drought of the land.
What are the consequences of dry land?
Drying of the land leads to desertification and large areas of degraded land. This means it is hard to get food, crops, fresh water and natural resources such as firewood from the land. Besides this, the lack of rain causes crop failure. When the rain does arrive, it is in short and intense showers, leaving no time to infiltrate into the soil. The water is flooding to lower areas, washing away the upper layer of fertile soil, also called erosion. Due to the wash away of the fertile soil and the decline of water in the soil, it is hard to grow crops, causing food shortage for the local communities. Ultimately it can lead to poverty and famine within these areas. Drought does not only negatively affects humans, also plants and animals are suffering from the consequences of drought. Because of the drought, less vegetation can grow, and the biodiversity of plants and animals are declining.
What can we do about this?
Regreening helps! Vegetation promotes the sequestration of carbon, cooling of the soil, and stimulates the water cycle. Water evaporates out of the pores of plants and trees, increasing the humidity. The formation of clouds is stimulated and rainfall increases. The roots of vegetation help the water to infiltrate into the soil. Additionally, these roots help to retain the upper fertile layer of the soil during intense rainfall, preventing erosion of the fertile soil. The land can be used for agriculture again, increasing the food security and income for people and expanding the biodiversity.
Who we are & What we do
Justdiggit is a Dutch foundation with the goal to restore degraded ecosystems by developing, initiating and co-funding large-scale landscape restoration programs within Africa. Our regreening projects help to restore the water balance in the soil and bring back vegetation, which has a positive effect on the local and regional climate, increases water and food security and promotes biodiversity within the project areas. Within our projects we work together with local partners and communities. The communities involved directly benefit from our programs as we create a better living environment and increase economic development.Our unique approach is a media and communication-based strategy, involving all available communication and media on a local, regional, national and international level. With these sponsored media campaigns, we aim to amplify the eﬀect of landscape restoration programs, thereby creating a landscape restoration movement, promoting regreening throughout Africa.Read more about Justdiggit